Background: Only limited data is available on the extent and burden of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to biological therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in daily practice, especially from a patient's perspective.
Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically assess patient-reported ADRs during biological therapy in IBD patients and compare these with healthcare provider (HCP)-reported ADRs.
Methods: This multicentre, prospective, event monitoring study enrolled IBD patients on biological therapy. Patients completed bimonthly comprehensive web-based questionnaires regarding description of biological induced ADRs, follow-up of previous ADRs and experienced burden of the ADR using a five-point Likert scale. The relationship between patient-reported ADRs and biological therapy was assessed. HCP-reported ADRs were extracted from the electronic healthcare records.
Results: In total, 182 patients (female 51%, mean age 42.2 [standard deviation 14.2] years, Crohn's disease 77%) were included and completed 728 questionnaires. At baseline, 60% of patients used infliximab, 30% adalimumab, 9% vedolizumab and 1% ustekinumab. Fifty percent of participants reported at least one ADR with a total of 239 unique ADRs. Fatigue (n = 26) and headache (n = 20) resulted in the highest burden and a correlation in time with the administration of the biological was described in 56% and 85% respectively. Out of 239 ADRs, 115 were considered biological-related. HCPs reported 119 ADRs. Agreement between patient-reported ADRs and HCP-reported ADRs was only 13%.
Conclusion: IBD patients often report ADRs during biological therapy. We observed an important significant difference between the type and frequency of patient-reported ADRs versus HCP-reported ADRs, leading to an underestimation of more subjective ADRs and patients' ADR-related burden.
Keywords: ADR; IBD; adalimumab; adverse drug reactions; biological therapy; healthcare provider-reported; inflammatory bowel disease; infliximab; patient-reported.
© 2021 The Authors. United European Gastroenterology Journal published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of United European Gastroenterology.