Racial Disparities in Patients with Melanoma: A Multivariate Survival Analysis

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021 May 24:14:547-550. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S311694. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Purpose: As the most common cause of skin cancer death, incidence and mortality of melanoma vary widely between ethnic and racial groups.

Methods: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data were used to examine the incidence and survival in patients with melanoma concerning race and ethnicity in Wayne County, Michigan between 2000 and 2016.

Results: Analysis of data revealed significantly higher melanoma-specific death in non-Hispanic black patients compared to their non-Hispanic white counterparts (p <0.001). However, no increased risk of death due to melanoma was observed following adjustment of data for the stage, age, and sex (H.R. = 1.00, 95% CI 0.64-1.56).

Conclusion: Non-Hispanic black patients have the highest percentage of late-stage melanoma. Increased incidence of melanoma mortality in non-Hispanic black patients is likely a consequence of late-stage diagnosis.

Keywords: clinical research; epidemiology; melanoma; racial disparities; skin of color.

Grants and funding

There is no funding to report.