Three methods of treating chalazia were compared in a controlled trial. Group A (conservative therapy of warm soaks and lid hygiene) consisted of six patients with seven chalazia. Group B (intralesional adrenocorticosteroid injection) had five patients with five chalazia. Group C (conservative therapy with intralesional steroid injection) included nine patients with ten chalazia. Success rates after six weeks of follow-up were: Group A: 3 of 7 (43%), Group B: 4 of 5 (80%), and Group C: 9 of 10 (90%). Intralesional steroid injection with or without concurrent conservative therapy was more effective than conservative management alone.