A recessive gene pepy-1 encoding Pelota confers resistance to begomovirus isolates of PepYLCIV and PepYLCAV in Capsicum annuum

Theor Appl Genet. 2021 Sep;134(9):2947-2964. doi: 10.1007/s00122-021-03870-7. Epub 2021 Jun 3.


A begomovirus resistance gene pepy-1, which encodes the messenger RNA surveillance factor Pelota, was identified in pepper (C. annuum) through map-based cloning and functional characterization. Pepper yellow leaf curl disease caused by begomoviruses seriously affects pepper (Capsicum spp.) production in a number of regions around the world. Ty genes of tomato, which confer resistance to the tomato yellow leaf curl virus, are the only begomovirus resistance genes cloned to date. In this study, we focused on the identification of begomovirus resistance genes in Capsicum annuum. BaPep-5 was identified as a novel source of resistance against pepper yellow leaf curl Indonesia virus (PepYLCIV) and pepper yellow leaf curl Aceh virus (PepYLCAV). A single recessive locus, which we named as pepper yellow leaf curl disease virus resistance 1 (pepy-1), responsible for PepYLCAV resistance in BaPep-5 was identified on chromosome 5 in an F2 population derived from a cross between BaPep-5 and the begomovirus susceptible accession BaPep-4. In the target region spanning 34 kb, a single candidate gene, the messenger RNA surveillance factor Pelota, was identified. Whole-genome resequencing of BaPep-4 and BaPep-5 and comparison of their genomic DNA sequences revealed a single nucleotide polymorphism (A to G) located at the splice site of the 9th intron of CaPelota in BaPep-5, which caused the insertion of the 9th intron into the transcript, resulting in the addition of 28 amino acids to CaPelota protein without causing a frameshift. Virus-induced gene silencing of CaPelota in the begomovirus susceptible pepper No.218 resulted in the gain of resistance against PepYLCIV, a phenotype consistent with BaPep-5. The DNA marker developed in this study will greatly facilitate marker-assisted breeding of begomovirus resistance in peppers.

MeSH terms

  • Begomovirus / physiology*
  • Capsicum / genetics*
  • Capsicum / growth & development
  • Capsicum / virology
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods
  • Chromosomes, Plant / genetics*
  • Disease Resistance / genetics
  • Disease Resistance / immunology*
  • Endonucleases / genetics
  • Endonucleases / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Recessive*
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Diseases / genetics
  • Plant Diseases / immunology*
  • Plant Diseases / virology
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*


  • Plant Proteins
  • Endonucleases