High-Pressure Synthesis and Gas-Sensing Tests of 1-D Polymer/Aluminophosphate Nanocomposites

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2021 Jun 16;13(23):27237-27244. doi: 10.1021/acsami.1c00625. Epub 2021 Jun 3.


Recently, filling zeolites with gaseous hydrocarbons at high pressures in diamond anvil cells has been carried out to synthesize novel polymer-guest/zeolite-host nanocomposites with potential, intriguing applications, although the small amount of materials, 10-7 cm3, severely limited true technological exploitation. Here, liquid phenylacetylene, a much more practical reactant, was polymerized in the 12 Å channels of the aluminophosphate Virginia Polytechnic Institute-Five (VFI) at about 0.8 GPa and 140 °C, with large volumes in the order of 0.6 cm3. The resulting polymer/VFI composite was investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and optical and 1H, 13C, and 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The materials, consisting of disordered π-conjugated polyphenylacetylene chains in the pores of VFI, were deposited on quartz crystal microbalances and tested as gas sensors. We obtained promising sensing performances to water and butanol vapors, attributed to the finely tuned nanostructure of the composites. High-pressure synthesis is used here to obtain an otherwise unattainable true technological material.

Keywords: aluminophosphate; gas sensing; high-pressure synthesis; nanocomposites; polymer.