Infectious ophthalmoplegias

J Neurol Sci. 2021 May 21;427:117504. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2021.117504. Online ahead of print.


Though infections account for a significant proportion of patients with ocular motor palsies, there is surprising paucity of literature on infectious ophthalmoplegias. Almost all types of infectious agents (bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites) can lead to ocular motor palsies. The causative infectious agent can be diagnosed in most cases using an orderly stepwise approach. In this review we discuss how to approach a patient with ophthalmoplegia with main focus on infectious etiologies.

Keywords: Cryptococcal meningitis; Infectious ophthalmoplegias; Listeria; Neurocysticercosis; Tuberculous meningitis.