In the guidance of qijie (qi street, path of qi ) theory, the thought on diagnosis and treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion for facial spasm is analyzed. Qijie theory is a summary of the horizontal distribution rule of human body and the conclusion of the characteristics of function and indication in a certain area. In terms of spatial location and functional characteristics, facial spasm is related to "head qijie". In treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion, the local acupoints are predominated. Additionally, the distal acupoints are selected based on the characteristics of qijie in pathological condition, "qijie is unblocked even though the obstruction occurs in minor collateral"; and the acupoints for calming the mind are combined based on the relationship between head qijie and the brain function, aiming to regulating the body, qi and spirit. Regarding the techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion, align with the spatial location and hierarchical location of disease, the depth of filiform needle insertion and needling stimulation are specified and the palpation on the local meridians and acupoints are emphasized before acupuncture specially.
Keywords: acupuncture-moxibustion therapy; facial spasm; qijie theory; stroke; thought on diagnosis and treatment.