Background: With improved materials and bearing surfaces, the use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young patients is increasing. Functional outcomes and activity level are particularly relevant in this higher-demand patient population. There is a paucity of data on patient-reported outcomes and activity levels after THA in extremely young (<21 years old) patients.
Methods: We identified 196 patients (222 hips) who underwent THA at age <21 years at our institution from 1982 to 2018. After applying exclusion criteria, 113 of 160 (70.6%) patients (129 hips) were available for follow-up. Patient activity levels and functional outcomes were evaluated using the UCLA activity score, Forgotten Joint Score (FJS), Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement, and a validated 5-question satisfaction survey. Survivorship and reasons for revision were recorded.
Results: The mean age at surgery was 17.0 ± 2.8 years, and the mean follow-up was 13.2 years (range 2-38 years). The most common indications for THA were osteonecrosis (34%) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (30%). The mean UCLA activity score was 5.9 ± 2.0, and 64% of patients reported a score ≥6. The mean FJS was 57.9 ± 31.0. The mean Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement score was 84.6 ± 16.6. Ninety percent of patients reported that they were very or somewhat satisfied with their surgery. At final follow-up, 27 of 129 (20.9%) hips had undergone revision surgery.
Conclusion: THA performed in patients under 21 years of age with end-stage hip disease allows for high levels of activity and satisfaction postoperatively, with most patients being able to participate in moderate recreational activities. These data may be useful for surgeons in planning for and counseling extremely young patients indicated for THA.
Keywords: patient activity levels; patient satisfaction; total hip arthroplasty; total hip under 21; young total hip.
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