Production and characterization of anti-clonidine antibodies not cross-reacting with catecholamines

Eur J Pharmacol. 1988 May 10;149(3):249-55. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(88)90655-3.


Polyclonal antibodies against clonidine were developed, with para-aminoclonidine coupled to bovine serumalbumin or hemocyanine with glutaraldehyde used as antigens. The selected antibody (from rabbits) cross-reacted with high specificity with clonidine and its structurally closely related analogues but it recognized neither catecholamines nor various endogenous imidazole molecules such as histamine, purine, adenine, and adenosine, thus appearing to be specific for the aminoimidazoline structure. An interesting cross-reactivity was observed with the bovine clonidine displacing substance, the probable endogenous ligand for receptors involved in the hypotensive effect of clonidine-type substances. This suggested that this molecule should contain an aminoimidazoline or guanidine moiety.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibody Formation
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Catecholamines / immunology*
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Clonidine / analogs & derivatives
  • Clonidine / immunology*
  • Cross Reactions
  • Rabbits / immunology


  • Catecholamines
  • apraclonidine
  • Clonidine