Aim: To compare methods of quantifying serum hepcidin (based on MS and ELISA) and their ability to diagnose true iron deficiency anemia in critically ill patients. Materials & methods: Serum hepcidin was measured in 119 critically ill patients included in the HEPCIDANE clinical trial, using either an ultra-sensitive ELISA kit (from DRG) or two different MS methods. Results: The results show a good correlation between the different methods studied. The Bland-Altman analysis and the Kappa test for clinical groups show a good or very good agreement between the different tests. Conclusion: ELISA or MS show a satisfactory commutability to quantify serum hepcidin. This is of great importance for the determination of therapeutic strategies in iron deficiency.
Keywords: ELISA; anemia; hepcidin; mass spectrometry.