Comparison of Postoperative Anatomy Using Anatomic Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Versus Soft-Tissue Balancing Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021 Oct 1;29(19):848-854. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-20-00782.

Abstract

Background: The importance of anatomic reconstruction of the proximal humerus on shoulder biomechanics and kinematics after anatomic total shoulder replacement (aTSR) has been highlighted by a number of investigations. The humeral head designs of current-generation shoulder arthroplasty emphasize either anatomic or soft-tissue balancing total shoulder arthroplasty (sbTSR) philosophies. The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative anatomy of TSR systems used to treat primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Methods: This was a matched cohort study of 60 patients treated with either press-fit aTSR or sbTSR by two shoulder surgeons. The analysis of postoperative true AP radiographs was performed to calculate multiple representative anatomic parameters of the TSR.

Results: A significant difference was observed in the average measurements between the sbTSR and aTSR designs about the humeral head center offset (5.2 ± 0.4 mm versus 3.9 ± 0.3 mm; P = 0.02), implant-humeral shaft angle (0.3 ± 0.3 varus versus 1.7 ± 0.3 valgus, P < 0.001), and humeral head to tuberosity height (8.8 ± 0.4 mm versus 6.2 ± 0.4, P < 0.001), respectively. No significant difference was observed in the average measurements between the two systems' designs regarding the head-shaft angle (133.4° ± 0.8° versus 135.0° ± 1.0°, P = 0.16) and the relation of humeral head to lateral humeral cortex (0.15 ± 0.6 mm inside the lateral cortex versus 0.19 ± 0.6 outside the lateral cortex; P = 0.69), respectively.

Conclusions: Despite differing design philosophies of these systems, and some notable differences, the absolute differences between the measured anatomic parameters were small and not likely clinically relevant. Anatomic and soft-tissue balancing humeral arthroplasty implants can both reliably reconstruct proximal humeral anatomy.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement*
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Humeral Head / diagnostic imaging
  • Humeral Head / surgery
  • Humerus / diagnostic imaging
  • Humerus / surgery
  • Shoulder Joint* / diagnostic imaging
  • Shoulder Joint* / surgery