Selective inhibition of PKCβ2 improves Caveolin-3/eNOS signaling and attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced injury by inhibiting autophagy in H9C2 cardiomyocytes

J Mol Histol. 2021 Jun 8. doi: 10.1007/s10735-021-09990-0. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced autophagy is involved in sepsis-associated myocardial injury with increased PKCβ2 activation. We previously found hyperglycemia-induced PKCβ2 activation impaired the expression of caveolin-3 (Cav-3), the dominant isoform to form cardiomyocytes caveolae which modulate eNOS signaling to confer cardioprotection in diabetes. However, little is known about the roles of PKCβ2 in autophagy and Cav-3/eNOS signaling in cardiomyocytes during LPS exposure. We hypothesize LPS-induced PKCβ2 activation promotes autophagy and impairs Cav-3/eNOS signaling in LPS-treated cardiomyocytes. H9C2 cardiomyocytes were treated with LPS (10 µg/mL) in the presence or absence of PKCβ2 inhibitor CGP53353 (CGP, 1 µM) or autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA, 10 µM). LPS stimulation induced cytotoxicity overtime in H9C2 cardiomyocytes, accompanied with excessive PKCβ2 activation. Selective inhibition of PKCβ2 with CGP significantly reduced LPS-induced cytotoxicity and autophagy (measured by LC-3II, Beclin-1, p62 and autophagic flux). In addition, CGP significantly attenuated LPS-induced oxidative injury, and improved Cav-3 expression and eNOS activation, similar effects were shown by the treatment of autophagy inhibitor 3-MA. LPS-induced myocardial injury is associated with excessive PKCβ2 activation, which contributes to elevated autophagy and impaired Cav-3/eNOS signaling. Selective inhibition of PKCβ2 improves Cav-3/eNOS signaling and attenuates LPS-induced injury through inhibiting autophagy in H9C2 cardiomyocytes.

Keywords: Autophagy; Cav-3; Lipopolysaccharide; PKCβ2; eNOS.