Voronoia 4-ever

Nucleic Acids Res. 2021 Jul 2;49(W1):W685-W690. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkab466.


We present an updated version of the Voronoia service that enables fully automated analysis of the atomic packing density of macromolecules. Voronoia combines previous efforts to analyse 3D protein and RNA structures into a single service, combined with state-of-the-art online visualization. Voronoia uses the Voronoi cell method to calculate the free space between neighbouring atoms to estimate van der Waals interactions. Compared to other methods that derive van der Waals interactions by calculating solvent-free surfaces, it explicitly considers volume or packing defects. Large internal voids refer either to water molecules or ions unresolved by X-ray crystallography or cryo-EM, cryptic ligand binding pockets, or parts of a structural model that require further refinement. Voronoia is, therefore mainly used for functional analyses of 3D structures and quality assessments of structural models. Voronoia 4-ever updates the database of precomputed packing densities of PDB entries, allows uploading multiple structures, adds new filter options and facilitates direct access to the results through intuitive display with the NGL viewer. Voronoia is available at: htttp://proteinformatics.org/voronoia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation*
  • RNA / chemistry
  • Software*


  • RNA