Introduction: The impact of sexuality and quality of life (QOL) is one of the main concerns of IBD. Despite the obvious relevance of this problem, knowledge of the extent of sexual dysfunction (SD) in IBD is limited. Aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of SD and erectile dysfunction (ED), QOL their predictors, and their age-related dynamic in IBD patients.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 202 IBD patients [122 male, 80 female, 133 Crohn's disease (CD), 69 ulcerative colitis (UC)] fulfilled International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) or Female Sexual Functioning Index (FSFI). QOL was assessed using IBDQ-32 through bowel, systemic, emotional and social domains.
Results: Prevalence of SD in men was 18%, ED 30.3% and SD in women 75%. Low QOL was present in 34.6% without gender difference (P = .253). In men, SD and ED were highest among 21-30 years and raising after 51 years of age. In women, SD was constantly highly prevalent, showing no decline over time. In multivariate analysis significant predictors of SD in men were CD phenotype, disease duration and emotional domain of IBDQ, of ED depression, emotional and bowel domain of IBDQ, and of SD in women emotional IBDQ domain.
Conclusion: Quality of sex life is a serious concern among IBD patients and is age related. Components that play a role in sexual functioning in IBD require more clarification and further development of screening and treatment guidelines for SD to provide better care in the IBD population.
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.