High-precision Three-Dimensional Photogrammetric Calibration and Object Space Reconstruction Using a Modified DLT-approach

J Biomech. 1988;21(7):533-8. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(88)90216-3.


Two modified DLT algorithms are presented that improve the accuracy of three-dimensional object space reconstruction by almost an order of magnitude when compared with conventional methods. The improvement in the linear modified DLT (MDLT) algorithm is achieved by satisfying certain orthogonality conditions in the form of a non-linear constraint, thereby effectively eliminating a redundant DLT parameter. In the non-linear MDLT algorithm, the improvement and computational stability results from the appropriate elimination of implicit variables from one side of the approximating relations and the corresponding reformulation of the objective function to be minimized. The highest reconstruction accuracy of 0.733 mm rms mean error was obtained with the non-linear MDLT algorithm. This corresponds to a spatial resolution of about one part in 2860 or 0.035% overall accuracy. The accuracy obtainable with the linear MDLT was found to be slightly less and about 0.041% (0.833 mm rms mean error).

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Calibration
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Mathematical Computing*
  • Motion*
  • Photogrammetry / methods*
  • Software