Fixed retention: pitfalls and complications

Br Dent J. 2021 Jun;230(11):703-708. doi: 10.1038/s41415-021-2892-4. Epub 2021 Jun 11.


Long-term stability of orthodontic treatment results is problematic. Long-term or even lifelong retention with bonded retainers is being increasingly used among clinicians. Bonded retainers can provide an efficient and attractive method of retention, particularly because they require minimal compliance from patients. However, the use of bonded retainers is associated with relatively frequent complications, such as detachments of the adhesive layer or wire fractures, as well as unexpected complications with potentially severe consequences with associated periodontal and general health risks. It is imperative that the whole dental team are aware of these pitfalls and complications, and appreciate how to minimise and address these.

MeSH terms

  • Dental Bonding*
  • Humans
  • Orthodontic Appliance Design
  • Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed
  • Orthodontic Retainers*