Delgocitinib ointment in pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis: A phase 3, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study and a subsequent open-label, long-term study

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2021 Oct;85(4):854-862. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.014. Epub 2021 Jun 10.


Background: Delgocitinib 0.5% ointment, a topical Janus kinase inhibitor, has been approved in Japan for adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD).

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of delgocitinib ointment in pediatric patients with AD.

Methods: Part 1 of this study was a 4-week double-blind period in which Japanese patients aged 2 through 15 years were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to delgocitinib 0.25% ointment or vehicle ointment. Part 2 was a 52-week extension period. Eligible patients entered part 2 to receive 0.25% or 0.5% delgocitinib ointment.

Results: At the initiation of the study, approximately half of the patients had moderate AD. At the end of treatment in part 1, the least-squares mean percent change from baseline in modified Eczema Area and Severity Index score, the primary efficacy endpoint, was significantly greater for delgocitinib ointment than for vehicle (-39.3% vs +10.9%, P < .001). In part 2, improvements in AD were also seen through week 56. Most adverse events were mild and unrelated to delgocitinib across the study periods.

Limitations: Only Japanese patients were included. In part 2, no control group was included and rescue therapy was allowed.

Conclusion: Delgocitinib ointment was effective and well tolerated when applied to Japanese pediatric patients with AD for up to 56 weeks.

Keywords: JAK inhibitor; JTE-052; Janus kinase; atopic dermatitis; delgocitinib; eczema; ointment; pediatric patients; pruritus; skin barrier; topical therapy.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / diagnosis
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / drug therapy
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Eczema*
  • Emollients
  • Humans
  • Ointments
  • Pyrroles
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Emollients
  • Ointments
  • Pyrroles
  • delgocitinib