The current state of pediatric transplant hepatology fellowships: A survey of recent graduates

Pediatr Transplant. 2021 Nov;25(7):e14065. doi: 10.1111/petr.14065. Epub 2021 Jun 13.


Background: The number of programs offering a PTH fellowship has grown rapidly over the last 10 years. This study aimed to describe the clinical, didactic, procedural, and research experiences of recent PTH fellowship graduates. In addition, we sought to understand graduates' post-fellowship professional responsibilities and their perception about the utility of the PTH fellowship.

Methods: An anonymous survey was distributed from February to October 2020 through REDCap to all recent graduates (2015-2019) of an ACGME-approved PTH fellowship program. The survey consisted of 49 questions focused on the PTH fellowship experience. Results were summarized using descriptive statistics.

Results: Thirty-eight of 43 graduates (88%) responded to the survey representing 12 PTH fellowship programs. The didactic experience varied; 97% received pathology lectures, 81% radiology lectures, 54% organ allocation lectures, 54% procedural lectures, 57% immunology lectures, and 43% live donation lectures. During the PTH fellowship, the majority of fellows performed >10 liver biopsies (82%) and >5 variceal bandings (58%); however, 63%, 32%, 8%, and 8% never performed paracentesis, variceal sclerotherapy, variceal banding, and liver biopsies, respectively. The majority of fellows (95%) completed a research project during PTH fellowship. Currently, 84% of graduates are employed at a transplant academic institution. All graduates recommended the fellowship.

Conclusions: There is variability in the didactic, clinical, and procedural training among PTH fellowship programs. Although uniformly viewed as a beneficial fellowship year, there is an opportunity to collaborate to create a more standardized training experience.

Keywords: liver transplantation; pediatric medical training.

MeSH terms

  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Fellowships and Scholarships / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pediatrics / education*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transplantation / education*
  • United States