The pattern and stability of postmeningitic hearing loss in children

Laryngoscope. 1988 Sep;98(9):940-8. doi: 10.1288/00005537-198809000-00007.

Abstract

Following meningitis, 280 children (168 boys, 112 girls) had audiological assessment, and 87 (31%) were initially found to have a sensorineural hearing loss in one or both ears. Twenty-three children were followed elsewhere. Of 64 children followed for an average of 3.46 years, 55 (86%) exhibited stable auditory thresholds over time, most commonly (24) bilateral, profound/anacusic losses. One moderate and four severe losses were identified, but no bilateral, mild losses. Nineteen children had asymmetric losses with varied audiometric configurations. Seven children presented with a unilateral hearing loss, again with a range of configurations. Auditory thresholds changed over time in nine children, either improving, declining, or fluctuating, over a variable interval ranging from 1 month to 12 years.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Audiometry
  • Audiometry, Evoked Response
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hearing Loss, Bilateral / diagnosis
  • Hearing Loss, Bilateral / etiology
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Meningitis / complications*