The relationship between functional head impulse test and age in healthy individuals

J Vestib Res. 2022;32(2):123-134. doi: 10.3233/VES-210040.

Abstract

Background: fHIT is an easily applicable test battery that indirectly evaluates the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) from a functional perspective.

Aims/objectives: The aim of this study was to Individuals determine the correlation between age and the percentage of correct answers (%CA) obtained in the functional head impulse test (fHIT) in healthy individuals.

Material and methods: A total of 105 volunteers, 50 males and 55 females, between the ages of 18 and 70 years, participated in the study. A Beon Solution fHIT system (Zero Branco (TV), Italy) was used in the study.

Results: In our study, a decrease in the mean %CA was observed in all semicircular canals (SCCs) with increasing age. Between age and mean %CA, a significant negative moderate (-0.311) correlation was observed in lateral SCCs, and a significant negative low (-0.257) correlation was observed in posterior SCCs (p < 0.05). In anterior SCCs, there was no statistically significant relationship between age and mean %CA (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: The present study performed in a healthy population will be helpful in terms of making comparisons in studies to be conducted in various vestibular diseases. It will also be a guide for identifying pathological consequences in vestibular diseases.

Keywords: Age; VOR; functional head impulse test (fHIT); semicircular canal.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Head Impulse Test*
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular
  • Semicircular Canals
  • Vestibular Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Young Adult