Impact of the Concomitant Use of Immunomodulator and a Lower Week 8 Partial Mayo Score on the Persistence of Adalimumab in Refractory Ulcerative Colitis

Intern Med. 2021 Dec 15;60(24):3849-3856. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.7279-21. Epub 2021 Jun 12.


Objective Real-world data of adalimumab (ADA) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) are scarce. We aimed to study the ADA response rates and predictors of response in UC treatment. Methods This observational, prospective and multi-center study assessed the clinical outcome of refractory UC patients treated with ADA who previously had an inadequate response to either conventional therapies or other anti-TNF antibodies or tacrolimus. The primary endpoint was the proportion of UC patients achieving a clinical response and remission at 8 and 52 weeks. We also evaluated the parameters which were associated with a clinical response at 8 and 52 weeks. Results A total of 35 patients were enrolled from 11 centers. The clinical responses at 8 and 52 weeks were 60.0% and 51.4%, respectively. The clinical remission rates at 8 and 52 weeks were 45.7% and 48.6%, respectively. Positive predictors for week 52 response were combination of ADA with immunomodulator (IM) (OR: 27.229; 95% CI; 1.897-390.76; p=0.015) and a week 8 lower partial Mayo score (OR: 0.406; 95% CI; 0.204-0.809; p=0.010). A receiver operation characteristic curve analysis revealed the optimal week 8 partial Mayo score to be 2.5, therefore a partial Mayo score of ≤2 was a positive predictor for the continuation of ADA. No malignancy or death occurred during this study. Conclusion ADA was effective for inducing and maintaining both a clinical response and remission in patients with refractory UC. It remains possible that the concomitant use of IM and a week 8 partial Mayo score of ≤2 may predict the long-term response of ADA.

Keywords: adalimumab; immunomodulator; partial Mayo score; ulcerative colitis.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adalimumab / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Colitis, Ulcerative* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use
  • Prospective Studies
  • Remission Induction
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors
  • Adalimumab