Treatment of Relapsed and Neglected Pes Equinovarus with Binary Arthrodesis and Hexapodal Spider Frame

Indian J Orthop. 2020 Aug 17;55(Suppl 1):128-134. doi: 10.1007/s43465-020-00232-1. eCollection 2021 May.


Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients with recurrent or neglected pes equinovarus (PEV), who underwent talonavicular or calcaneocuboid arthrodesis with a hexapod spider frame.

Methods: The study included 18 patients; a total of 25 feet were treated with dual arthrodesis and a hexapod spider frame. The International Club Foot Study Group (ICFSG) scoring system and visual analog scale (VAS) were used to assess preoperative status and postoperative outcomes. All functional, morphological and radiologic evaluations during the follow-up were done as described by Kling et al.

Results: Patients were followed up for an average of 24.1 ± 11.8 months. The mean age of our cohort was 8.84 ± 2.83 years. The mean duration of correction was 3 weeks and the mean duration treatment length was 15.3 ± 1.9 weeks. Postoperative assessment revealed eight excellent, 13 good, and four poor outcomes, according to the ICFSG scoring system. There was a significant difference between preoperative and postoperative ICFSG scores, 12 feet showed an excellent outcome, 12 feet had good outcomes, and one foot was rated as a failure in the final assessment, based on the Kling criteria. There was also a significant difference between preoperative and postoperative VAS scores.

Conclusion: Dual arthrodesis plus a hexapod spider frame is a valuable option for patients with recurrent or neglected PEV. It can be offered safely to avoid secondary recurrences and potential complications in cases of rigid feet as well as challenging cases that are resistant to soft tissue manipulation.

Keywords: Binary arthrodesis; Clubfoot; Hexapodal spider frame; International Club Foot Study Group.