Population Cellular Kinetics of Lisocabtagene Maraleucel, an Autologous CD19-Directed Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Product, in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Clin Pharmacokinet. 2021 Dec;60(12):1621-1633. doi: 10.1007/s40262-021-01039-5. Epub 2021 Jun 14.


Background and objectives: Lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel) is a CD19-directed, defined composition, 4-1BB chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product administered at equal target doses of CD8+ and CD4+ CAR+ T cells. Large between-subject variability has been noted with CAR T-cell therapies; patient characteristics might contribute to CAR T-cell expansion variability. We developed a population cellular kinetic model to characterize the kinetics of the liso-cel transgene, via quantitative polymerase chain reaction assessment after intravenous infusion of liso-cel, and to understand covariates that might influence liso-cel kinetics in individual patients.

Methods: We employed nonlinear mixed-effects modeling to develop a population cellular kinetic model for liso-cel. The population cellular kinetic analysis was performed using 2524 post-infusion transgene observations from 261 patients with relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma who were treated with a single dose of liso-cel in TRANSCEND NHL 001. Covariates for the analysis included baseline intrinsic factors such as age, baseline disease characteristics, and liso-cel and coadministration factors.

Results: Liso-cel cellular kinetics were well described by a piecewise model of cellular growth kinetics that featured lag, exponential growth, and biexponential decay phases. Population means (95% confidence interval) of lag phase duration, doubling time, time to maximum levels, initial decline half-life, and terminal half-life were 3.27 (2.71-3.97), 0.755 (0.667-0.821), 9.29 (8.81-9.70), 5.00 (4.15-5.90), and 352 (241-647) days, respectively. The magnitude of effect on liso-cel expansion metrics demonstrated that the covariate associations were smaller than the residual between-subject variability in the population.

Conclusions: The covariates tested were not considered to have a meaningful impact on liso-cel kinetics.

Clinical trial registration: NCT02631044.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD19
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse*
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / genetics
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen* / genetics
  • T-Lymphocytes


  • Antigens, CD19
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02631044