Evaluating the Feasibility and Acceptability of the Lifestyle Enhancement for ADHD Program

J Pediatr Psychol. 2021 Jul 20;46(6):662-672. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsab039.


Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Lifestyle Enhancement for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Program (LEAP), a novel parent behavior management training program that promotes physical activity (PA) and positive health behaviors and is enhanced with mobile health technology (Garmin) and a social media (Facebook) curriculum for parents of children with ADHD.

Methods: The study included parents of children ages 5-10 years diagnosed with ADHD who did not engage in the recommended >60 min/day of moderate to vigorous PA based on parent report at baseline. Parents participated in the 8-week LEAP group and joined a private Facebook group. Children and one parent wore wrist-worn Garmin activity trackers daily. Parents completed the Treatment Adherence Inventory, Client Satisfaction Questionnaire, and participated in a structured focus group about their experiences with various aspects of the program.

Results: Of 31 children enrolled, 51.5% had ADHD combined presentation, 36.3% with ADHD, predominately inattentive presentation, and 12.1% had unspecified ADHD (age 5-10; M = 7.6; 48.4% female). Parents attended an average of 86% of group sessions. On average, parents wore their Garmins for 5.1 days/week (average step count 7,092 steps/day) and children for 6.0 days/week (average step count 9,823 steps/day). Overall, parents and children were adherent to intervention components and acceptability of the program was high.

Conclusions: Findings indicate that the LEAP program is an acceptable and feasible intervention model for promoting PA among parents and their children with ADHD. Implications for improving ADHD symptoms and enhancing evidence-based parent training programs are discussed.

Keywords: attention; health behavior; hyperactivity and ADHD; parenting; pilot/feasibility trial.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity* / therapy
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Surveys and Questionnaires