Background and aim: There have been studies on risk factors for stenosis after pyloric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). However, the most appropriate strategies for the management of cases with these risk factors have not been established. This study aimed to investigate post-ESD management by evaluating the timing of stenosis and the effectiveness of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) after pyloric ESD.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed cases of pyloric ESD. We first reassessed risk factors for stenosis in multivariate analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve and defined patients with the identified risk factors as the risk group. The primary outcome was the timing of stenosis in the risk group assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results: We reviewed 159 cases with pyloric ESD and observed pyloric stenosis in 25 cases. Cases with circumferential mucosal defect ≥ 76% were identified as the risk group. The stenosis-free probability in the risk group was 97% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 79-100%), 94% (95% CI: 76-98%), and 85% (95% CI: 66-93%) on days 7, 14, and 21, respectively. It decreased every week thereafter and did not significantly change after day 56. Twenty-three stenosis cases, except for conservative improvement, including six whole circumferential pyloric ESD cases, were improved by EBD without complications.
Conclusions: Post-ESD stenosis often developed from the third to the eighth week. In all pyloric ESD cases, including whole circumferential pyloric ESD cases, pyloric stenosis was improved following EBD without complications.
Keywords: EBD; Endoscopic balloon dilation; Perforation; Pyloric ESD; Pyloric endoscopic submucosal dissention; Pyloric stenosis.
© 2021 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.