Techno-economic study for a gasification plant processing residues of sewage sludge and solid recovered fuels

Waste Manag. 2021 Jul 15:131:148-162. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2021.05.026. Epub 2021 Jun 12.


The energetic valorisation of wastes through gasification is a promising solution with a better environmental impact in terms of pollutant emissions compared with incineration, landfilling, and heat and power generation from fossil fuels. However, techno-economic studies are imperative to define the viability of these technologies and to optimise heat and power consumptions and costs. This work intended to develop a techno-economic analysis for a small-scale gasification plant processing mixtures of solid recovered fuels and sewage sludge, assuming a capacity of 883 kg/h and two different sale scenarios: (A) production of electric energy, and (B) production of hydrogen. Gasification tests and mass and energy flow analyses were carried out for the economic assessment. The results showed that both scenarios presented viability for implementation. Although scenario A was more attractive in the short-term period due to the lower payback period (9 year) and higher internal rate of return (IRR, 7.5%), the other option was more favourable at the end of plant's life once the net present value was greater (1,801,700 €). Based on the results of a sensitivity analysis, a conclusion could be drawn that the economic indicators payback period and IRR were most influenced by capital expenditures applied in the plant.

Keywords: Electric energy production; Gasification; Hydrogen production; Sewage sludge; Solid recovery fuel; Techno-economic analysis.

MeSH terms

  • Electricity
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Hot Temperature
  • Incineration*
  • Sewage*


  • Fossil Fuels
  • Sewage