Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement for Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis: A Practical Operative Overview

Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2021 Jul;14(7):e009827. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.120.009827. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Abstract

The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) represents a complex anatomic scenario for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) because of its unique technical challenges. As TAVR is moving towards younger and lower-risk populations, the proportion of BAV patients undergoing TAVR is expected to rise. Initial experiences of TAVR with first-generation transcatheter heart valves in high surgical risk patients with BAV stenosis showed higher rates of device failure and periprocedural complications as compared to tricuspid anatomy. The subsequent advances in imaging techniques and understanding of BAV anatomy, new iterations of transcatheter heart valves, and growing operators' experience yielded better outcomes. However, in the lack of randomized trials and rigorous evidence, the field of TAVR in BAV has been driven by empirical observations, with wide variability in transcatheter heart valve sizing and implantation techniques across different centers and operators. Thus, in this review article, we provide a fully illustrated overview of operative periprocedural steps for TAVR in BAV stenosis, though recognizing that it still remains anecdotal.

Keywords: aortic stenosis; bicuspid aortic valve; multislice computed tomography; transcatheter aortic valve replacement; transcatheter heart valve.