Purpose: Many childhood cancer survivors experience disparities due to barriers to recommended survivorship care. With an aim to demonstrate evidence-based approaches to alleviate barriers and decrease disparities, we conducted a scoping review of (1) proposed strategies and (2) evaluated interventions for improving pediatric cancer survivorship care.
Methods: We searched research databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO), research registries, and grey literature (websites of professional organizations and guideline clearing houses) for guidelines and published studies available through October 2020 (scoping review registration: https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/D8Q7Y ).
Results: We identified 16 proposed strategies to address disparities and barriers endorsed by professional organizations including clinical practice guidelines (N=9), policy statements (N=4), and recommendations (N=3). Twenty-seven published studies evaluated an intervention to alleviate disparities or barriers to survivorship care; however, these evaluated interventions were not well aligned with the proposed strategies endorsed by professional organizations. Most commonly, interventions evaluated survivorship care plans (N=11) or models of care (N=11) followed by individual survivorship care services (N=9). Interventions predominantly targeted patients rather than providers or systems and used technology, education, shared care, collaboration, and location-based interventions.
Conclusions: Published studies aimed at overcoming disparities and barriers to survivorship care for childhood cancer survivors revealed that gaps remain between published recommendations and empirical evaluations of interventions aiming to reduce barriers and disparities.
Implications for cancer survivors: Additional research is needed to identify evidence-based interventions to improve survivorship care for childhood cancer survivors.
Keywords: Cancer survivors; Health equity; Health services accessibility; Healthcare disparities.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.