Energy storage properties of hydrothermally processed ultrathin 2D binder-free ZnCo2O4nanosheets

Nanotechnology. 2021 Jul 2;32(38). doi: 10.1088/1361-6528/ac0c42.


High energy-density supercapacitors (SCs) with long operating life, cost-effective, and competitive cycling performance is attracted great research attention to competing in the requirements of the modern age. However, despite these benefits, SC hampers inadequate rate-capability and structural deterioration, which primarily affects its commercialization. Herein, ultra-thin two-dimensional (2D) ZnCo2O4nanosheets arein situanchored on the conductive surface of nickel foam (denoted as ZCO@NF) by hydrothermal process. The binder-free ZCO@NF is employed as an electrode for SCs and shows impressive charge storage properties. ZCO@NF electrode exhibited a high capacitance of 1250 (750) and 733 F g-1(440 C g-1) at 2.5 and 20 A g-1, respectively, demonstrating the outstanding rate-capability of 58.6% even at 8 times larger current density. Furthermore, the ZCO@NF electrode exhibits admirable capacitance retention of 96.5% after 10 000 cycles. This impressive performance of the ZCO@NF electrode is attributed to the high surface area which gives a short distance for ion/electron transfer, a high conductivity with extensive electroactive cities, and strong structural stability. The binder-free approach provides a strong relationship between the current collector and the active material, which turns into improved electrochemical operation as an electrode material for SCs.

Keywords: ZnCo2O4; binder-free; capacitance; nanosheets; supercapacitor.