Excessive Smartphone Use Is Associated With Health Problems in Adolescents and Young Adults

Front Psychiatry. 2021 May 28;12:669042. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.669042. eCollection 2021.


Background and Aims: This present paper will review the existing evidence on the effects of excessive smartphone use on physical and mental health. Results: Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, OCD, ADHD and alcohol use disorder. Excessive smartphone use is associated with difficulties in cognitive-emotion regulation, impulsivity, impaired cognitive function, addiction to social networking, shyness and low self-esteem. Medical problems include sleep problems, reduced physical fitness, unhealthy eating habits, pain and migraines, reduced cognitive control and changes in the brain's gray matter volume. In Conclusion: Excessive smartphone use is associated with psychiatric, cognitive, emotional, medical and brain changes that should be considered by health and education professionals.

Keywords: excessive smartphone use; internet addiction; internet use disorder; problematic smartphone use; smartphone addiction.

Publication types

  • Review