Uterine Arteriovenous Malformation: A Pictorial Review of Diagnosis and Management

J Endovasc Ther. 2021 Oct;28(5):659-675. doi: 10.1177/15266028211025022. Epub 2021 Jun 18.


Uterine arteriovenous malformation (UAVM) is a rare condition and is classified as either congenital or acquired UAVM. Patients with UAVMs usually experience miscarriages or recurrent menorrhagia. Ultrasound is used for the initial estimation of UAVMs. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are noninvasive and valuable methods that provide good compatibility with digital subtraction angiography to support the diagnosis and treatment of UAVM. Timely diagnosis is crucial to provide appropriate treatment for alleviating complications. This article presents a pictorial and literature review of the current evidence of the diagnosis and management of UAVM.

Keywords: angiography; duplex ultrasound; magnetic resonance angiography; uterine arteriovenous malformation; vascular anomalies; vascular malformation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction
  • Arteriovenous Malformations* / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Malformations* / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography
  • Urogenital Abnormalities*
  • Uterus / diagnostic imaging