Observations on blood pressure measurements in high-school athletes

J Am Board Fam Pract. 1988 Apr-Jun;1(2):81-6.


The purpose of this study is to identify possible evidence of hypertension in athletic adolescents. In addition to sex and age, the effects of various physical factors that may influence blood pressure are measured. The data were collected from the annual screening physicals of local high-school athletic program participants. Nine of the 11 measured physical factors account for 10 percent to 20 percent of the variability in blood pressure measurements. These include age, weight, height, pulse, quadriceps girth, heel cord flexibility, jump reach, hang time, and grip strength. These variables are incorporated into formulae that adjust the range of "normal" values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure to reduce the effects of these confounding factors, thereby increasing the accuracy of the "normal" or "hypertensive" determination for each individual.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Male
  • Physical Examination
  • Reference Values
  • School Health Services
  • Sports*