Background: We recently found fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients to be an effective and safe treatment after 3 months. The present follow-up study investigated the efficacy and safety of FMT at 1 year after treatment.
Methods: This study included 77 of the 91 IBS patients who had responded to FMT in our previous study. Patients provided a fecal sample and completed five questionnaires to assess their symptoms and quality of life at 1 year after FMT. The dysbiosis index (DI) and fecal bacterial profile were analyzed using a 16S rRNA gene-based DNA probe hybridization. The levels of fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) were determined by gas chromatography.
Results: There was a persistent response to FMT at 1 year after treatment in 32 (86.5%) and 35 (87.5%) patients who received 30-g and 60-g FMT, respectively. In the 30-g FMT group, 12 (32.4%) and 8 (21.6%) patients showed complete remission at 1 year and 3 months, respectively; the corresponding numbers in the 60-g FMT group were 18 (45%) and 11 (27.5%), respectively. Abdominal symptoms and the quality of life were improved at 1 year compared with after 3 months. These findings were accompanied by comprehensive changes in the fecal bacterial profile and SCFAs.
Conclusions: Most of the IBS patients maintained a response at 1 year after FMT. Moreover, the improvements in symptoms and quality of life increased over time. Changes in DI, fecal bacterial profile and SCFAs were more comprehensive at 1 year than after 3 months. www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03822299).
Keywords: fatigue; microbiome; short-chain fatty acids; superdonor; therapy.
© 2021 The Authors. Neurogastroenterology & Motility published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.