Outcome of Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in Adults With Rhinosinusitis

Laryngoscope. 2022 Apr;132(4):732-736. doi: 10.1002/lary.29694. Epub 2021 Jun 19.


Objective: To evaluate the outcome of immunoglobulin (IG) replacement therapy in adults with rhinosinusitis and primary humoral immunodeficiency disorders (PID).

Study design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of adult (18 years and older) patients who were diagnosed with PID and had the diagnosis of recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and who are on IG replacement therapy. Demographic data, associated conditions, and duration of treatment were reviewed. Number of yearly sinus infections, sinus CT Lund-Mackay (LM) score, and need for functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) were reviewed before and after starting IG therapy.

Results: Fifty-eight patients were included. Average age was 52 years (18-79 years). About 74% were female. Thirty patients (51.7%) had common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), 18 (31.1%) had hypogammaglobulinemia, and 10 (17.2%) had specific antibody deficiency (SAD). About 79% of patients had allergic rhinitis and 74% had asthma. Pretreatment LM score was 7.6 (±2.2, range of 0-24) compared to posttreatment score of 3.5 (±1.3, range of 0-16) (P = .01). Eleven patients (19%) had FESS pretreatment compared to only two patients (3.4%) requiring ESS after starting treatment on IG therapy (P = .004). Prior to starting IG therapy, five patients (8.6%) had more than 10 sinus infections per year, 33 patients (56.9%) had 5 to 10 infections, and 20 patients (34.5%) had 1 to 5 infections per year. After starting on IG, 34 patients (58.6%) had no infections reported anymore (P < .001), and 24 patients (41.4%) had only 1 to 5 infections reported per year CONCLUSION: IG therapy is a promising treatment option for recurrent rhinosinusitis in patients with PID.

Level of evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 132:732-736, 2022.

Keywords: Recurrent sinusitis; immunodeficiency; immunoglobulin therapy; outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Endoscopy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rhinitis* / complications
  • Rhinitis* / surgery
  • Sinusitis* / complications
  • Sinusitis* / drug therapy
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Immunoglobulins