[Regression and ablation profiles in corneal refractive surgery]

J Fr Ophtalmol. 2021 Sep;44(7):1059-1075. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2020.08.041. Epub 2021 Jun 17.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Regression after corneal refractive surgery is a complex phenomenon which seems inevitable. The choice of surgical technique has very little influence on regression for low myopia or myopic astigmatism. However, LASIK and SMILE are the two techniques of choice in the correction of high myopia. LASIK is also better for the correction of hyperopia, hyperopic astigmatism and mixed astigmatism. Intraoperatively, the choice of a wide optical zone and adherence to a thick residual stromal bed provide stability. Regression may also be reduced by modulating anti-inflammatory therapy, treating dry eye, and using mitomycin C in PKR. In all cases, obtaining keratometry during patient follow-up helps to identify the cause of the regression. The objective of this review is to synthesize recent data from the literature on regression in refractive surgery as a function of the ablation profiles used.

Keywords: Ablation; Cornea; Cornée; LASIK; Photokeratectomie réfractive; Photorefractive keratectomy; Profil; Profile; Régression; SMILE.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Astigmatism* / surgery
  • Cornea
  • Humans
  • Hyperopia* / surgery
  • Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ*
  • Lasers, Excimer
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy*
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Visual Acuity