Polymicrobial Infections Among Patients with Vascular Q Fever, France, 2004-2020

Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(7):1961-1963. doi: 10.3201/eid2707.210282.


We report 5 cases of vascular Q fever complicated by polymicrobial superinfection in patients who had no risk factors for acute Q fever. Q fever was diagnosed by serologic and molecular assays for Coxiella burnetii. We confirmed additional infections using conventional graft cultures.

Keywords: Coxiella burnetii; France; Q fever; aortitis; aortoenteric fistula; bacteria; bacterial zoonoses; chronic Q fever; polymicrobial infections; vascular Q fever; vascular graft and endograft infections; vector-borne infections; zoonoses.

MeSH terms

  • Coinfection*
  • Coxiella burnetii*
  • France
  • Humans
  • Q Fever*
  • Risk Factors