Outcomes of intermittent exotropia surgery

J Fr Ophtalmol. 2021 Sep;44(7):1001-1007. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2020.09.038. Epub 2021 Jun 18.


Purpose: To study the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of intermittent exotropia and to describe our therapeutic choices as well as their results and prognostic factors.

Materials and methods: This was a retrospective study including 57 cases of intermittent exotropia. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination with a sensory-motor assessment. Surgery was performed by the same surgeon, and the vertical component was addressed surgically at the same time as the exotropia. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 21.0.

Results: Our patients were classified as basic exotropia in 46 cases (80.7%), divergence excess in eight cases (14.1%), and convergence insufficiency in three cases (5.2%). Amblyopia was found in 26% of cases. The preoperative maximum angle of deviation was 36.5DP±9.1DS and a vertical component was found in 16 patients (28%). The most common was V pattern (8 patients). The mean age at the time of surgery was 14.8 years old. After a single surgery, we obtained motor success in 78.9% of the patients. Three patients were re-operated, with an overall motor success of 84.2%.

Conclusions: Motor and sensory success may be achieved in intermittent exotropia. Rigorous, early management is necessary, even if tropic episodes are still rare. The rate of early consultation among children is still low in our country; thus, a national strabismus screening program must be established to obtain the best results.

Keywords: Chirurgie; Exotopie intermittente; Intermittent exotropia; Management; Prise en charge; Surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Exotropia* / diagnosis
  • Exotropia* / epidemiology
  • Exotropia* / surgery
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Oculomotor Muscles / surgery
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Strabismus* / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vision, Binocular