Preoperative nutrition care in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programs: are we missing an opportunity?

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2021 Sep 1;24(5):453-463. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000779.


Purpose of review: A key component of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is the integration of nutrition care elements into the surgical pathway, recognizing that preoperative nutrition status affects outcomes of surgery and must be optimized for recovery. We reviewed the preoperative nutrition care recommendations included in ERAS Society guidelines for adults undergoing major surgery and their implementation.

Recent findings: All ERAS Society guidelines reviewed recommend preoperative patient education to describe the procedures and expectations of surgery; however, only one guideline specifies inclusion of routine nutrition education before surgery. All guidelines included a recommendation for at least one of the following nutrition care elements: nutrition risk screening, nutrition assessment, and nutrition intervention. However, the impact of preoperative nutrition care could not be evaluated because it was rarely reported in recent literature for most surgical disciplines. A small number of studies reported on the preoperative nutrition care elements within their ERAS programs and found a positive impact of ERAS implementation on nutrition care practices, including increased rates of nutrition risk screening.

Summary: There is an opportunity to improve the reporting of preoperative nutrition care elements within ERAS programs, which will enhance our understanding of how nutrition care elements influence patient outcomes and experiences.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Enhanced Recovery After Surgery*
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutrition Therapy*
  • Nutritional Status

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