Paradiplozoon opsariichthydis (Jiang, Wu et Wang, 1984) Jiang, Wu et Wang, 1989 (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Diplozoidae) is blood-feeding parasite from the gills of Asian cyprinid fish Opsariichthys bidens Günther, 1873. In this study, we present a morphological redescription of P. opsariichthydis neotype main morphological features e.g. size of body and clamps due to the fact that the type material is missing. We decided to supplement morphological descriptions by the relevant molecular data (internal transcribed spacer - ITS2) related to P. opsariichthydis adult worm isolates and other representatives of genus Paradiplozoon to cross verify our findings. In addition to that, this study also brings an attention to the host identification. Thus, parasite data were complemented by the determinant cytochrome oxidase b (cytb) sequences of its hosts. All novel sequences are deposited in GenBank. This combination of the morphological and molecular data related to both the parasite and its host seems to be the optimal approach to the general process of (re)description of highly host-specific parasitic organisms, which can then lead to a meaningful phylogenetic analysis.
Keywords: Blood-feeding ectoparasite; Chinese fish parasite; Morphological and molecular identification of species; Neotype; Phylogenetic analysis.
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