Toric Intraocular Lens Calculation Considering Anterior Surgically Induced Astigmatism and Posterior Corneal Astigmatism

Curr Eye Res. 2022 Jan;47(1):25-31. doi: 10.1080/02713683.2021.1948064. Epub 2021 Jun 30.


Purpose: To evaluate the prediction error (PE) after applying the Abulafia-Koch formula in an online calculator with and without consideration of anterior corneal surgically induced astigmatism (SIACornea).

Methods: SIACornea models were calculated with a historical database of 204 right eyes (REs) from a single surgeon, either for manual (2.2 mm) or femtosecond (2.5 mm) temporal clear corneal incisions. PE was assessed in 58 REs operated by the same surgeon with a monofocal toric IOL and calculated, considering the PCA estimation in an online calculator with the combination of each one of the following SIACornea calculation approaches: (A) considering only significant centroids after stratification, (B) all centroids after stratification and (C) a single centroid without stratification.

Results: The consideration of all centroids resulted in an underestimation of SIACornea in cases of preoperative against-the-rule astigmatism (ATR-A) and an overestimation in with-the-rule astigmatism (WTR-A). After stratification, SIACornea was only significant in preoperative ATR and oblique astigmatism cases for femtosecond incisions. PE considering PCA only was 0.03@160º. The combination with SIACornea resulted in a WTR-A surprise in preoperative ATR-A and WTR-A, however only being significant for preoperative ATR-A in calculation approaches B (0.29@84º) and C (0.21@80º). SIACornea addition to PCA estimation only reduced the centroid for oblique preoperative astigmatism.

Conclusions: Surgeons should consider the calculation of the SIACornea after stratification by astigmatism type when using the same incision location (i.e. temporal). However, SIACornea derived from the anterior corneal surface should not be combined with PCA estimation for IOL power calculations.

Keywords: Surgically induced astigmatism; cataract; posterior corneal astigmatism; prediction error; toric intraocular lens.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Astigmatism / physiopathology
  • Astigmatism / surgery*
  • Biometry / methods*
  • Cornea / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cornea / physiopathology
  • Corneal Topography
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Male
  • Optics and Photonics*
  • Refraction, Ocular*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Visual Acuity*