Contemporary radiotherapy: present and future

Lancet. 2021 Jul 10;398(10295):171-184. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00233-6. Epub 2021 Jun 21.


Oncology care is increasingly a multidisciplinary endeavour, and radiation therapy continues to have a key role across the disease spectrum in nearly every cancer. However, the field of radiation oncology is still one of the most poorly understood of the cancer disciplines. In this Review, we attempt to summarise and contextualise developments within the field of radiation oncology for the non-radiation oncologist. We discuss advancements in treatment technologies and imaging, followed by an overview of the interplay with advancements in systemic therapy and surgical techniques. Finally, we review new frontiers in radiation oncology, including advances within the metastatic disease continuum, reirradiation, and emerging types of radiation therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Radiation Oncology / trends*
  • Radiotherapy / trends*