Hypertension is a chronic condition that requires lifelong therapeutic management. Strict adherence to drug administration timing improves efficacy, while poor adherence leads to safety concerns. In light of these challenges, we present a nanofluidic technology that enables long-acting drug delivery with tunable timing of drug administration using buried gate electrodes in nanochannels. We developed a poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG-PCL)-based micellar formulation of amlodipine besylate, a calcium channel blocker for hypertension treatment. The electrostatically charged PEG-PCL micellar formulation enhanced drug solubility and rendered amlodipine responsive to electrostatic release gating in nanochannels for sustained release at clinically relevant therapeutic dose. Using a low-power (<3 VDC) gating potential, we demonstrated tunable release of amlodipine-loaded micelles. Additionally, we showed that the released drug maintained biological activity via calcium ion blockade in vitro. This study represents a proof of concept for the potential applicability of our strategy for chronotherapeutic management of hypertension.
Keywords: Amlodipine; Controlled release; Drug delivery; Hypertension; Micelle encapsulation.
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