Lateral herniation during treatment with collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (Xiaflex) for Peyronie's disease

BMC Urol. 2021 Jun 27;21(1):94. doi: 10.1186/s12894-021-00858-9.


Background: Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH), also know as Xiaflex, with penile modeling is considered to be the gold standard non-surgical option for management of Peyronie's disease and is known to be safe and efficacious. Corporal rupture is a rare but known adverse event of CCH treatment, however there are limited studies describing corporal herniation without rupture. Here we present a patient who experienced a rare complication following CCH injections for Peyronie's disease: lateral herniation of the tunica albuginea in the setting of a dorsal penile plaque.

Case presentation: A 58-year-old male presented to our clinic seeking treatment for Peyronie's disease. On exam, he was found to have a palpable dorsal plaque and > 30 degrees leftward curvature of the penis. He was deemed an appropriate candidate for and patient decided to proceed with CCH and modeling. He received 2 cycles of CCH injections (4 total CCH injections) with in-office and at-home penile modeling, per manufacturer's protocol. Two weeks following in-office modeling during his second CCH cycle, the patient reported a painless, soft swelling involving the left side of his penile shaft only occurring with erection. Exam and history were suggestive of lateral herniation rather than corporal rupture. CCH was discontinued. Patient declined further evaluation with penile ultrasound.

Conclusions: This is the first case report detailing lateral herniation with CCH injections. Symptoms and exam that should raise suspicion of corporal herniation are a soft, painless mass with erection.

Keywords: Collagenase; Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum; Herniation; Peyronie’s disease; Xiaflex.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Hernia / chemically induced*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microbial Collagenase / adverse effects*
  • Microbial Collagenase / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Penile Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Penile Induration / drug therapy*


  • Microbial Collagenase