The investigation of the efficacy ratio of cress seeds supplementation to moderate hyperglycemia and hepatotoxicity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2021 Feb 16;20(1):447-459. doi: 10.1007/s40200-021-00764-9. eCollection 2021 Jun.

Abstract

Objective: Oxidative stress resulting from chronic hyperglycemia induced many complications in diabetes and led to disorders and dysfunctions in different organs. This study aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective rate of cress seeds (CS) or Lepidium sativum seeds in the diet on lowering hyperglycemia and oxidative stress damaging.

Methods: Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg of streptozotocin (STZ). Forty-eight male rats were randomly divided into six groups : (D-0) and (ND-0) diabetic, and non-diabetic groups were fed with a normal diet, (ND-CS2) and (ND-CS5) non-diabetic groups were fed with diet containing 2 % and 5 % of cress seeds respectively, (D-CS2) and (D-CS5) diabetic groups were fed with diet containing 2 % and 5 % of cress seeds respectively. After 28 days of treatment, biochemical, histological, and oxidative parameters were determined. Hepatic and pancreatic histological sections were developed.

Results: STZ-injection caused hyperglycemia accompanied by a disturbance in biochemical parameters and intensified oxidative stress status compared to the (ND-0) group. Hepatic and pancreatic histological sections of diabetic rats showed a disrupted architecture. However, the cress seeds-diet revealed a significant decrease of hyperglycemia and a reduction of the intensity of oxidative stress induced by diabetes compared to the (D-0) group, remarked by a decreased level of Malondialdehyde (MDA) and high levels of glutathione (GSH) and the antioxidant enzymes, led to the decrease of the majority of parameters principally hepatic and lipid profile with histological regeneration.

Conclusions: Cress seeds supplementation confirmed their potential anti-diabetic and antioxidant activities with higher efficacy of 5 % dose than the lower dose of 2 %. Therefore, 5 % of cress seeds administration seems to be the excellent rate recommended in controlling diabetes and its complications.

Keywords: Diabetes; Hepatoprotective; Lepidium sativum; Oxidative stress; Rats.