Hydronephrosis and Hydroureter Improvement Rates in Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Uretero-Ureterostomies: Does Anastomotic Site Matter?

Urology. 2021 Dec:158:180-183. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2021.06.016. Epub 2021 Jun 26.


Objective: To compare improvement/change of hydronephrosis and hydroureter in patients with complete ureteral duplications that underwent upper and lower robotic-assisted laparoscopic uretero-ureterostomies. The hypothesis being that improvement of hydronephrosis and hydroureter between the two groups was similar.

Methods: 35 subjects met inclusion criteria and were reviewed retrospectively. 'Upper' anastomoses were defined as those being done below the lower pole of the kidney (Group 1), while 'lower' anastomoses were those done below the iliac vessels (Group 2). Primary variables analyzed were antero-posterior and diameter measurements of the renal pelvis and ureter, respectively, before and after surgery. Secondary variables included operative time, length of hospital stay, and complication rates.

Results: Group 1 consisted of 20 subjects while Group 2 consisted of 15 subjects. Presenting diagnoses were hydronephrosis in 31 subjects and incontinence in 4 subjects. Group 1 mean AP renal diameters decreased by 62.9% (P<.05), while Group 2 decreased by 65.4% (P<.05). Group 1 mean hydroureter diameter measurements decreased by 80.3% (P<.05), while Group 2 decreased by 83% (P<.05). The improvement in hydronephrosis and hydroureter between the two groups was not statistically different. Group 1 median operative time (271 minutes) was longer than Group 2 (201 minutes) (P<.05). There was no significant difference in hospital stay between the groups and there were no significant complications within the cohort.

Conclusion: The improvement rate of hydronephrosis and hydroureter is similar in upper versus lower RAL UU. Operative time was significantly shorter in the lower anastomosis group.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydronephrosis / surgery*
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Male
  • Operative Time
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures*
  • Ureterostomy / methods*