Introduction: Historically, the incidence rate of cervical cancer (CC) in Eastern Europe and particularly in Bulgaria has constantly been higher than that in the other European countries. Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) is a rare histological subtype of CC with incidence rate of less than 6 per 100,000. We aimed to analyze the epidemiology and prognosis of all Bulgarian patients with ASC, registered at the Bulgarian National Cancer Registry (BNCR), and to compare patients' characteristics and outcomes with those of patients, treated at a large specialized institution - the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Hospital in Pleven, Bulgaria.
Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study of all cases of ASC, registered at the BNCR for a 10-year period of time. The Kaplan-Meier analysis with Log rank test was used to estimate the significant differences.
Results: The incidence rate of ASC was calculated as 3.2% of all CC registered in BNCR and 4.97% of all stage I patients, treated in our department. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of all patients with ASC tumors from the registry was 50.5%. A total of 171 (48.4%) of the patients had T1 tumors and a 5-year OS of 67.1%. Lymph node status was a significant prognostic factor for OS (p=0.001). Thirty-one patients with T1 tumors and ASC histology were treated in our department for the same period of time. Lymph node metastases were found in 10 of them (32.2%). The 5-year observed OS in ASC group was 74.19%.
Conclusion: The histological subtype of cancer of the uterine cervix has an impact on prognosis and should not be simply considered as a descriptive characteristic but a poor prognostic feature and should be an integral part of the decision-making in clinical management of patients.
Keywords: adenosquamous cervical carcinoma; clinical features; incidence rate; prognosis; survival rate.
© 2021 Yordanov et al.