Can mHealth Technology Help Mitigate the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic?

IEEE Open J Eng Med Biol. 2020 Aug 7;1:243-248. doi: 10.1109/OJEMB.2020.3015141. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Goal: The aim of the study herein reported was to review mobile health (mHealth) technologies and explore their use to monitor and mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A Task Force was assembled by recruiting individuals with expertise in electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes (ePRO), wearable sensors, and digital contact tracing technologies. Its members collected and discussed available information and summarized it in a series of reports. Results: The Task Force identified technologies that could be deployed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and would likely be suitable for future pandemics. Criteria for their evaluation were agreed upon and applied to these systems. Conclusions: mHealth technologies are viable options to monitor COVID-19 patients and be used to predict symptom escalation for earlier intervention. These technologies could also be utilized to monitor individuals who are presumed non-infected and enable prediction of exposure to SARS-CoV-2, thus facilitating the prioritization of diagnostic testing.

Keywords: COVID-19; digital contact tracing; electronic patient reported outcomes (ePRO); mHealth technology; wearable sensors.