Trends of Femoral Neck Fracture Treatment Using Total Hip Arthroplasty: Reported From the American Joint Replacement Registry

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2022 Jan 1;30(1):e44-e50. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-21-00132.


Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) rather than hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF) is often chosen for younger patients who are more active and/or have underlying hip osteoarthritis. However, instability remains the primary concern of doing THA. Dual mobility (DM) has been shown to decrease this risk through a larger effective head size and greater head-to-neck ratio compared with conventional THA. The purpose of this study was to identify femoral head size and DM usage patterns for the treatment of FNF with THA in the United States using the American Joint Replacement Registry.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, including all primary THAs done for FNF from 2012 to 2019. THA and FNF were defined using Current Procedural Terminology or International Classification of Diseases-9 or -10 diagnosis and procedure codes. Analysis was based on patient demographics, femoral head size, and DM usage. Descriptive statistics were used using a Pearson chi-square test. All analyses were conducted using SAS version 9.4, and statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.

Results: There were 18,752 THAs done by 3,242 surgeons at 789 institutions during the 8-year study period. The overall population was 66% female, and the mean age was 72.3 ± 11.8 years. The most commonly used femoral head size was 36 mm (48.5%) followed by 32 mm (24.5%), ≤28 mm (10.7%), DM (10.8%), and ≥40 mm (5.7%). A trend was observed toward decreased use of ≤28, 32, and ≥40-mm heads starting in 2016 across the years and increased use of 36-mm heads (P < 0.0001). A significant increase was observed in the usage of DM over time from 6.4% in 2012 to 16.2% in 2019 (P < 0.0001).

Discussion: Most of the femoral heads used were ≥36 mm, and the use of DM increased during the study period. Additional analysis is warranted to understand how these trends will affect overall outcomes and postoperative dislocation rates.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Female
  • Femoral Neck Fractures* / epidemiology
  • Femoral Neck Fractures* / surgery
  • Hemiarthroplasty*
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Registries
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • United States / epidemiology