Diagnosis and management of pediatric primary bone tumors in the emergency department

Pediatr Emerg Med Pract. 2021 Jul;18(7):1-20. Epub 2021 Jul 2.


Musculoskeletal pain is a common chief complaint of children in the emergency department. Although nonspecific and typically benign, musculoskeletal pain should be investigated thoroughly with consideration for an underlying bone tumor, especially when it is a recurrent visit for pain. This issue reviews the specific signs, symptoms, and unique presentations the emergency clinician should know when evaluating a pediatric patient with musculoskeletal pain. Additionally, assessment of relevant radiographic findings to assist in differentiating bone tumors and guide further management are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Bone Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Chest Pain / diagnosis
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emergency Service, Hospital*
  • Female
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / diagnosis
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Musculoskeletal Pain / diagnosis
  • Osteosarcoma / diagnosis
  • Osteosarcoma / therapy
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine / methods
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Radiography / methods
  • Sarcoma, Ewing / diagnosis
  • Sarcoma, Ewing / therapy