Purpose of review: Obesity is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, and weight loss in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes may be indicated to reduce health risk and improve diabetes control. It is important to understand the effectiveness of weight loss interventions for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Recent findings: Lifestyle interventions for weight loss show effectiveness for prevention of type 2 diabetes. Weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes can decrease cardiometabolic risk and improve diabetes control. However, diabetes remission with lifestyle approaches is limited and to achieve this medical approaches such as bariatric surgery that result in greater magnitudes of weight loss may be necessary. Dissemination of lifestyle interventions for weight loss, along with other medical approaches such as bariatric surgery when indicated, are needed to reduce the health burden of type 2 diabetes in patients with obesity.
Keywords: Diabetes; Obesity; Type 2 diabetes; Weight loss.